The Icelandic Aerosol and Dust Association was established in Reykjavík, Iceland on January the 20th 2016. Our main goals are to:
i. promote collaboration and communication in the field of aerosol research in Iceland with the emphasis on local volcanic dust
ii. serve as a platform for communication between the Icelandic aerosol researchers, as well as provide missing information to other academic bodies from Iceland and abroad.
iii. give easy-to-understand source of knowledge on aerosol for the general public and media, including topics such as air pollution, atmosphere-cryosphere interactions, volcanic ash resuspension, health and environmental effects of particulate matter, and more.
We have several working groups at different research institutions in Iceland and abroad which monitor or research aerosols, volcanic dust and fresh volcanic ash. The groups focus is on:
i. field monitoring of dust sources
ii. atmospheric conditions and aerosol concentrations near surface as well as in the upper atmosphere
iii. radar and lidar monitoring
iv. health impacts of dust and volcanic ash
v. dust modeling and forecasting
vi. remote sensing
vii. atmosphere-cryosphere interactions of dust deposited on snow and ice
WHY ARE DUST AND OTHER AEROSOLS SO IMPORTANT IN ICELAND?
Iceland has the largest desert in Europe and Arctic with extremely active dust hot spots of fine silt materials surrounding the glaciers. There are about 135 dust days per year on average. It is also an active volcanic island where eruption occurs each 3-4 years on average. Frequent strong winds bring often both materials from deserts as well as fresh volcanic ash to resuspension. Volcanic dust is transported long distances and deposited on snow and ice.